Table 1

 Narrative types and specific characteristics

Narrative typeRestitutionChaosQuest
Metaphors Sport/war—for example, fighting, battle, and comebackChoking and darkness and emotional selves are brittle objectsJourney—for example, reborn, distance travelled, and difficulties with travelling
Time Philosophy of the futureEmpty presentReclaimed
The past in the futureThe future in the presentFragmented
The present in the futureStaticThe past in the past
The future in the past.The present in the present
WaitingThe future in the future
Hope ConcreteDespairTranscendent
Type of self Restored and entrenchedFragmentedDeveloping
Type of body DisciplinedChaoticCommunicative